Industry and Railroads

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Bicentennial Photograph Collection

This collection of photographs was donated to Richland Library in 1987 in honor of the bicentennial of the founding of the city of Columbia in 1786. The collection was created from copies of photographs, programs and lithographs of historic images of Columbia, S.C. Due to copyright restrictions, some images in the Bicentennial Collection are not […]



Brandon Mill

Collection of photographs of the Brandon Mill community from the Brandon Historical Society and SC Room Archives. Organized in 1899, Brandon Mill was completed and producing fabric by 1901. Cotton manufacturing boomed in the Upstate and the mill expanded rapidly during the first decade of the 1900s. The mill operated until March 1977. One of […]


Camperdown Mill

Collection of photographs of Camperdown Mill and community from the SC Room Archives. Camperdown was the first “modern” textile mill to be opened within city limits. Organized by Oscar Sampson, George Hall, and George Putnam in 1873, it began operation in the old Vardry McBee Mill, but was later expanded to a second building built […]




Estes Plant

Collection of photographs of the Estes Plant from the Piedmont History Collection. The Estes Plant opened June 1964 by J.P. Stevens and shortly replaced Piedmont Manufacturing production. The old Piedmont Manufacturing buildings were converted into warehouse space. In 1986 the Estes Plant was sold to the Delta Mills Marketing Company. Today Griffin Thermal Products produces […]



Greenwood Mills Photograph Collection

The Greenwood Mills Photograph Collection consists of photographs housed in the Self Family Foundation Archive at Lander University. The digital collection primarily includes photographs of Greenwood Mills buildings, plants, equipment, and, especially, mill workers. James C. Self assumed general ownership of Greenwood Mills in 1908 and grew the operation into a successful international corporation, consisting […]


Greer Textiles

Collection of photographs of the Estes Plant from the Piedmont History Collection. The Estes Plant opened June 1964 by J.P. Stevens and shortly replaced Piedmont Manufacturing production. The old Piedmont Manufacturing buildings were converted into warehouse space. In 1986 the Estes Plant was sold to the Delta Mills Marketing Company. Today Griffin Thermal Products produces […]


Mills Mill

Collection of photographs of Mills Mill and community from the private collection of Marshall Williams. The Mills Manufacturing Co. was organized in 1895 with Otis P. Mills as president. The mill began operation in 1897 and produced fabric until teh mill’s close in 1978. In the 2000s, the mill was renovated into the Lofts condominia.


Monaghan Mill

Collection of photographs of Monaghan Mill and community from the Monaghan Historical Society. Organized by cousins Thomas and Lewis Parker in 1900 and named for their grandfather’s birthplace, Monaghan operated for a century. In the 1910s, the Parker cousins left textiles and the Victor-Monaghan Company was formed. In 1946, Monaghan (among other mills) merged into […]


Pelzer Mill

Collection of photographs of Pelzer Mill and community from the Pelzer Heritage Commission. The Pelzer Manufacturing Company was organized in 1880 and began operations in 1882. The mill expanded rapidly during the 1880s and 1890s. During the 20th century it changed hands several times before closing in the late 1990s.


Piedmont Manufacturing Company

Collection of photographs of the Piedmont Manufacturing Company from the Piedmont History Collection. Piedmont Manufacturing Company was established in 1873 by Henry Pickney Hammett along the Saluda River. In 1888 mill #2 opened on the Anderson County side of the river followed by Mill #3. Shortly after the Estes Plant opened in Piedmont in the […]


Poinsett Mills

Collection of photographs of Poinsett Mill from the private collection of Alvin Henson. Originally organized as Carolina Mills in a 1900, it was later renamed Poinsett Mills. The mill ceased operations in 1981, but the building still survives as part of the Reynolds Company.



Richard Taylor Photograph Collection

Richard Taylor was a resident of Lexington County, South Carolina and freelance photographer who took photographs of various people, places, and structures of Lexington County, South Carolina. The photographs were taken from approximately 1940 through 1976. Many of the people that were photographed by Mr. Taylor are deceased and many of the structures that he […]


Russell Maxey Photograph Collection

The Russell Maxey Photograph Collection at Richland Library includes over 7000 negatives, including images taken by Maxey and earlier photographers. Russell Maxey’s photographs allow researchers a glimpse into a southern city undergoing dramatic shifts in its economic, physical and social landscape. The negatives are housed in the Walker Local and Family History Center.


Sargeant Studios

John A. Sargeant was the founder of Sargeant Studios, a prominent photography studio based in Columbia, South Carolina that operated from 1918-1940. This collection contains a small group of Sargeant Studio news photography depicting accidents, crime and weather events from 1928 to 1939.


Slater Mill

Collection of photographs from the Slater Hall Citizens’ Committee. Slater Mill was built in 1927 and still operates today. Originally a cotton mill, it later shifted to rayon, fiberglass, and other synthetics.


Sol Blatt: In His Own Words

Sol Blatt (1895-1986) represented Barnwell, Bamburg, and Allendale Counties in the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1933 until his death in 1986. He also served as Speaker of the House almost continuously from 1937 until 1973. These documents reveal Blatt’s thoughts on issues such as race, economic development, taxes, nuclear energy, and a number […]


South Carolina Railroads Photograph Collection

The South Caroliniana Library has been collecting photographs of train stations, depots, rail yards, engines, and rolling stock for many years. The images come in as single items, as part of other collections, or as collections of their own. There are also photographs of railways used by the mining and lumber industries. Presented here are […]


South Caroliniana Library Map Collection

The map collection of the South Caroliniana Library has always been a significant resource for geographers, historians, and genealogists. In the past two hundred years, technological changes have substantially altered the landscape of South Carolina, and the library’s map collection visually documents these transformations. The maps show airports, battlefields, cemeteries, churches, cities, highways, Native American […]


Steel Heddle

Collection of photographs from the private collection of Bill Karst of Steel Heddle. Steel Heddle of Philadelphia opened a textile equipment factory in Greenville in 1923. The company filed for bankruptcy in 2001 and was bought out in the 2000s.



The State Newspaper Photograph Archive

The images in this collection are selections from the photographic archives of The State Media Company, which are stored at Richland Library. This digital collection will continue to grow as more historic photographs are digitized. A finding aid for the archive is available. The photographs in the archive date from 1955 to 2002 and were taken by […]



Union Bleachery

Collection of photographs of Union Bleachery and community from the Union Bleachery Historical Society. Union Bleachery began operations in September 1903. After struggling for a few years, the plant began to expand when John White Arrington was hired as manager and later president. Over the years the plant has changed hands several times, but Union […]


Woodside Mill

Collection of photograph of the Woodside Mill and community from the private collection of John Hall and the SC Room Archive. Organized by the John T. Woodside along with his brothers, the mill began operation in 1903. Within a few years the mill had tripled in size and eventually earned the title of largest cotton […]